Louis Sonntag military logbook
Scope and Contents
The Louis Sonntag military logbook is a single volume that appears to chronicle information about a Papal State regiment abroad. The majority of the logbook is written in German, with Italian words appearing throughout, and sections in both French and English. The content may be related to training or schooling. The book also includes what appears to be a list of the names of German and Italian counterparts of a particular regiment, a section in French on the mission of the regiment, and a list, in English, of parts of a centennial exhibition in Philadelphia in 1876.
The book was placed inside the cover of the children's book Rip Van Winkle, published by McLoughlin Brothers of New York, for unknown reasons, at an unknown date. There are approximately 45 pages.
- 1855-1876, (bulk 1855)
- Majority of material found in 1855 - 1855
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
All materials available in this collection (unless otherwise noted) are the property of the Monsignor William Noé Field Archives & Special Collections Center and Seton Hall University, which reserves the right to limit access to or reproduction of these materials. Reproduction of materials or content is subject to United States copyright restrictions and may be subject to federal or state privacy regulations. Permission to publish exact reproductions must be obtained from the Director of the Archives and Special Collections Center.
Biographical / Historical
Louis (or Aloisio) Sonntag lived in the 19th century and was likely a member of the Papal Zouaves, the military force of the Papal States.
Prior to 1870, the Roman Catholic Church controlled and governed territory in several regions of what is now Italy, and the Pope was the head of state for these regions, collectively referred to as the Papal States. During the mid-1800s, Italian nationalist movements sparked revolutions that clashed with the Papal government, and these territories were gradually taken from Papal control. By 1870, only Rome remained under Papal control, and the Italian government officially declared war and captured the city. The Pope (Pope Pius IX) retreated to the Apostolic Palace and retained some soveriegn powers over the area known as Vatican Hill until the State of Vatican City was officially created in 1929.
The Papal Zouaves were a volunteer military force comprised of soldiers from many Catholic countries, and were charged with the defense of the Papal States during the conflicts with Italian forces. In 1870, after the taking of Rome and all other Papal States by the Italian government, the Papal Zouaves were disbanded.
Louis Sonntag was probably German or Austrian, and served the Papal State in some military capacity during the 1850s. In 1876 he visited Philadelphia.
Language of Materials
Louis (or Aloisio) Sonntag lived in the 19th century and was likely a member of the Papal Zouaves, the military force of the Papal States. The Louis Sonntag military logbook is a single volume that appears to chronicle information about a Papal State regiment abroad, written in German, Italian, French, and English.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Collection is the gift of Mrs. Martha Mack of Woodbury, NJ, via William Connell and the Valente Collection, transferred to the Archives and Special Collections Center. Accession number 1999.0001.
Some description provided by donor. Collection housed and finding aid created by Tracy M. Jackson, 2013.
- Louis Sonntag military logbook, 1855-1876, (bulk 1855)
- Tracy M. Jackson
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in English.